The Second Crusade
By Maytal Amiel, Kate Becker, Eden Niddam, and Katy Temple

Cause
After the first crusade, Christians set up Christian kingdoms along the coast of Israel and Lebanon which had formerly been ruled by the Abbasids, then was taken over by the Fatmid Caliphs. The Christians moving to these areas angered the muslims. As a result, Imad-ed-din Zangi united Turks and Arabs to attack Christian Kingdoms. Although they weren’t able to successfully take Jerusalem, they did end up taking Edessa.This crucial event, the taking of Edessa, was a major cause of the second crusade. Pope Eugenius III ordered Bernard of Clairvaux to retrieve Edessa, thus creating the second crusade. This crusade was the only one to be led by European kings. Louis VII, Eleanor of Aquitaine, and Conrad III all agreed to join Clairvaux in the taking back of Edessa. [1]
map_1.jpg
This picture illustrates the pathways of Louis VII and Conrad III during the second crusade. The city of Damascus is also apparent in the photograph.
Medieval Times
Damascus 1148
On their way to get Edessa back, the crusaders stopped at Damascus and tried to take it. They felt that if they took Damascus, it would make up for losing Edessa. Most of Conrads soldiers died along the way, and in the end they were unsuccessful in taking Damascus. When Nur Al-Din came, the crusaders surrendered. This surrender was the end of the second crusade.[2]

hop_on_pop.jpg
The picture shows Pope Eugenius III initiating the second crusade.
St. Bernard preaching

Significance of the Second Crusade
The second crusade was an important event in history, it was the bridge between the first and third crusade. It was caused by the first crusade and was the cause of the third. Religion was was important in this time period and without the second crusade religion might not have migrated to the different regions it are in today.

Important Events
1144- Zengi captures Edessa because he is angry that the Christian kingdoms were moving in along the coast of Israel and Lebanon. This action is responsible for the second crusade.[3]
1146- Pope Eugenius III issues the Bull Quantum Praedecessores, initiating the Second Crusade. Bernard of Clairvaux vows to go on the crusade. Bernard rallied Louis VII, Eleanor of Aquitaine, and Conrad III to join him in the crusade.
1148- The crusaders attack Damascus. The crusaders surrender, and the second Crusade ends as a failure.

King_Loui.jpg
King Louis VII, the King of France.

Key People
Abbasids: The family that ruled before the Fatimids Caliphs.
Fatimids Caliphs: A family from Egypt that took control from the Abbasids. They ruled the coast of Israel and Lebanon before the Christians moved in.
Imad-ed-din Zangi: He was a Mamluk general.
Bernard of Clairvaux: He was ordered by the pope to rally people for the second crusade.
Louis VII: He was the king of France during the second crusade.
Eleanor of Aquaitaine: She was the Queen of France and the wife of Louis VII.
Conrad III: He was the holy roman emperor from Germany.
Pope Eugenius III: He was the pope that ordered Bernard of Clairvaux to start rallying about the second crusade.
Nur al din: He was the son of Imad-ed-din Zangi and he ended the second crusade.
King Louis VII
Vocabulary Words
Mamluks: They were slave boys for the Abbasids.
Edessa: A Syrian city near Jerusalem.
Damascus: The capital of Syria.
[4]
[5]
  1. ^
    Carr, Karen. November 25 2011. <http://www.historyforkids.org/learn/medieval/history/highmiddle/secondcrusade.htm>.
  2. ^
    middle-ages. November 25 2011<http://www.middle-ages.org.uk/the-second-crusade.htm>
  3. ^
    Carr, Karen. November 25 2011. <http://www.historyforkids.org/learn/medieval/history/highmiddle/secondcrusade.htm>.
  4. ^
    Second Crusade (1147-1149). November 25 2011. <http://www.umich.edu/~eng415/timeline/summaries/second_crusade.htm>.
  5. ^
    Carr, Karen. November 25 2011.<http://www.historyforkids.org/learn/medieval/history/highmiddle/secondcrusade.htm>.